Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments from Authority

By Douglas Walton | Go to book overview

CONTENTS
Acknowledgmentsxi
Prefacexiii
CHAPTER ONE: THE PROBLEM OF AUTHORITY1
1. Peirce's Four Methods of Fixing Belief3
2. Science As the Modern Authoritarianism5
3. The Culture of Technical Control9
4. Different Conceptions of Scientific Knowledge13
5. Expert Testimony in Court17
6. A Complex Type of Argument19
7. Being Intimidated by Experts22
8. Questioning an Expert Opinion23
9. The Problem of Fallacies28
10. Finding a Middle Way29
CHAPTER TWO: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND32
1. Overview of Developments33
2. Plato on Socratic Questioning of Experts35
3. Aristotle on Dialectical Arguments38
4. The Medieval View of Argument from Authority43
5. Galileo's Challenge to Proof by Authority46
6. The Port-Royal Logic48
7. Locke's Account of Argumentum ad Verecundiam52
8. Bentham on Appeal to Authority55
9. The Meaning of Verecundia57
10. Where to Begin60

-vii-

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Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments from Authority
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • 1 - THE PROBLEM OF AUTHORITY 1
  • 2 - HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 32
  • 4 - FORM OF THE ARGUMENT 91
  • 5 - DIALECTICAL ASPECTS 126
  • 6 - EXPERT TESTIMONY AS LEGAL EVIDENCE 167
  • 8 - EXPLAINING THE FALLACY 230
  • Index 273
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