Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments from Authority

By Douglas Walton | Go to book overview

INDEX
a priori method, 3, 15
ad judicium argument, 115, 239
ad verecundiam argument, 239, 261; de facto form of, 102; deductive, 103; deductively valid, 92-93; evaluating, 126, 157; inductive, 103; power of, 175; presumptive, 103; strategy of deception, 143 fallacy, 45, 230, 232, 260
Adair, Eleanor, 127-32, 188
advice-giver, 83
advocacy groups, 11
Aiello, Nelleke, 96
Amabile, Teresa, 244
Angeles, Peter A., 59
Annis, David B., 99
appeal, 80
abuse of, 75
ad populum, 90, 116
to authority, 34, 47, 71, 87, 115; adequacy of, 207; conditions for, 207; credibility of, 208; dogmatic, 239-40, 255; as a fallacy, 28, 45, 87, 228-29, 232, 236; form as an argument, 200; illicit, 256; misused, 204, 236; three ways the fallacy can occur, 252; weak, 232, 258
to celebrity status, 82-83
to deontic authority, 78-79
to emotions, 64, 66, 73, 90, 249
to epistemic authority, 78
to evidence, 249
to experience, 82-83
to expert opinion, 28, 32, 90, 245; abuses of, 25; complex type of argument, 19-22; fallacious appeal, 75; in politics, 140-44; presumptive type of, 103; problem with, 29-30; types of reasoning used, 18; weak, 139, 142-43
to expertise, 92; six adequacy conditions, 101
to faith, 116
to the feeling of reverence, 80
to knowledge, 75
legitimate critical questioning of, 148
personal, 79
to pity, 66
to popular opinion. See argumentum ad populum
to popularity, 81
to prestige, 70
to reason, 65
to reverence, 64, 66, 73
to scientific expert opinion, 260
to testimony, 70
testimonial, 80
to tradition, 83, 116
Appleton, Nancy, 8
argument
from authority, 33-34, 43, 46-48, 55, 87, 89, 202; good, 210; presumptive, 235, 241
appeal to authority: stronger than justified, 248; types of, 40
cumulative, 13
deductive, 61
deductively valid, 45, 261
demonstrative, 40, 42

-273-

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Appeal to Expert Opinion: Arguments from Authority
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xiii
  • 1 - THE PROBLEM OF AUTHORITY 1
  • 2 - HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 32
  • 4 - FORM OF THE ARGUMENT 91
  • 5 - DIALECTICAL ASPECTS 126
  • 6 - EXPERT TESTIMONY AS LEGAL EVIDENCE 167
  • 8 - EXPLAINING THE FALLACY 230
  • Index 273
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