Nonaligned, Third World, and Other Ground Armies: A Combat Assessment

By Colonel Reuven Gal; Richard A. Gabriel | Go to book overview

if history is a guide, would not hesitate to suppress revolt whatever the bloodshed.

Outside of ANC propaganda, there is little evidence that the blacks, in any number, are ready to face white force. This situation may change in time, but that time does not seem imminent. The ANC seems to have a long and hard road ahead before it can even shake, let alone topple, the white regime. 16

As most counter-guerrilla operations in the country are in the hands of the police, the army's major role has been the raiding of ANC training camps in Mozambique aimed at killing or capturing insurgent leaders and the taking of prisoners who can inform on the ANC or turn state's evidence in trials.

The larger raids on Mozambique came after terrorists blew up a part of the country's oil from coal plants in June 1980. The South African government believed the raid had been planned in Mozambique by Joe Slovo, a white Communist and a leader of Umkonto we Sizwe. Hence, a South African commando team raided some 40 miles into Mozambique in February 1981. One alleged purpose of the raid was to capture Slovo who, however, had left for East Germany a few days before. The South Africans claimed that five guerrilla commanders were among the thirteen insurgents killed in an attack on an ANC house in Motala, 10 miles northwest of Maputo, the Mozambique capital. 17


Conclusions

South Africa's army is strong. Short of a war in which the Soviet Union and its satellites would be directly involved, the South African Army appears ready to meet all likely contingencies. Second in size only to the Nigerian Army, it probably is better trained and more highly motivated than any other African army. South Africa can meet any military challenge from the states on its borders and can act against them when they allow insurgency from their soil. Such punitive actions have been the army's main role and are likely to be its main role in the near future. The likelihood of its acting together with the police to suppress local insurgency or unrest is not to be overlooked, should the present levels of violence increase. In all, the prospects are that South Africa will maintain itself much as it has been, backed by a force able to implement national military policy.


Notes
1.
Santini, "Polyannas and Critical Minerals," Washington Star, April 27, 1981.
2.
Theo Malan, "South Africa and Economic Sanctions," South Africa Digest, March 13, 1981.
3.
See Richard Harwood, "Why South Africa's Neighbors Hope Sanctions AreVetoed,"

-221-

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Nonaligned, Third World, and Other Ground Armies: A Combat Assessment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Maps, Figures, and Tables ix
  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xv
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • Introduction xix
  • India and Pakistan 3
  • Bibliography 26
  • China 29
  • Bibliography 53
  • Vietnam 55
  • Notes 74
  • Notes 76
  • Thailand 79
  • Notes 97
  • Bibliography 100
  • North Korea 103
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • South Korea 127
  • Bibliography 150
  • Japan 153
  • Bibliography 172
  • Australia 177
  • Note 190
  • Bibliography 190
  • Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) 191
  • Bibliography 207
  • South Africa 209
  • Notes 221
  • Notes 222
  • Cuba 225
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 243
  • Yugoslavia 247
  • Notes 259
  • Notes 261
  • Index 263
  • About the Contributors 275
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