Nonaligned, Third World, and Other Ground Armies: A Combat Assessment

By Colonel Reuven Gal; Richard A. Gabriel | Go to book overview

Yugoslavia

John D. Windhausen

The myth of invincibility has sustained many historic empires from the Roman to the American. And so the Yugoslavs today are nourished by just such a myth: the invincibility of the South Slavs. After all, the Serbs by their own efforts fought a successful guerrilla-type war against the Ottoman Turks in the early nineteenth century. Without the aid of any great power, they compelled the Turks to grant them self-government in 1830. More recently, the Yugoslavs point with pride to the successful partisan war against Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy from 1941 to 1945. Yugoslav patriots staunchly resist suggestions that the Red armies played a decisive role in the liberation of their country. 1 By the time Soviet forces entered the land, most of Yugoslavia had already been freed from the Fascist invaders. Indeed, far from dependence upon Soviet support, until late 1943 Tito's partisans had tied up large numbers of Italian and German troops which otherwise would have been deployed on the Russian front.

The myth of South Slav invincibility has served the Yugoslavs well since their separation from the Soviet Bloc in the late 1940s. Independent of the USSR since then, the Communist Yugoslavs remain skeptical of the West, too, and so have chosen to commit themselves to the Third World movement. Consequently, a military doctrine of self-sufficiency well complements their foreign policy. Since World War II, Yugoslavia's defense has rested upon the principle of partisan counterattack which was found so effective against the Axis forces. In 1969, however, this idea was given increased emphasis and more explicit form as the government adopted the widely celebrated General People's Defense program, one that remains in force in the post-Tito era.

In essence, the General People's Defense involves a three-phase program comprising almost the entire adult population. The regular army, no longer as large as in the postwar years, nonetheless continues to play a crucial role in this strategy. Much larger in numbers and somewhat decentralized are the territorial defense forces of each republic. The regular army is expected

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Nonaligned, Third World, and Other Ground Armies: A Combat Assessment
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Maps, Figures, and Tables ix
  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xv
  • Acknowledgments xvii
  • Introduction xix
  • India and Pakistan 3
  • Bibliography 26
  • China 29
  • Bibliography 53
  • Vietnam 55
  • Notes 74
  • Notes 76
  • Thailand 79
  • Notes 97
  • Bibliography 100
  • North Korea 103
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • South Korea 127
  • Bibliography 150
  • Japan 153
  • Bibliography 172
  • Australia 177
  • Note 190
  • Bibliography 190
  • Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) 191
  • Bibliography 207
  • South Africa 209
  • Notes 221
  • Notes 222
  • Cuba 225
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 243
  • Yugoslavia 247
  • Notes 259
  • Notes 261
  • Index 263
  • About the Contributors 275
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