dress future emergencies and take advantage of future
opportunities. He searched the U.S. Constitution's words (for
example, "necessary and proper") and concepts (for example,
"implied powers") to support an interpretation of the Constitution that provided national political leaders with broad powers
to address "necessities of society," which took precedence over
"rules and maxims." These necessities included not only "existing exigencies" but also "probable exigencies of the ages." And
because probable exigencies were "illimitable," governing officials' powers had to be illimitable too.
Hamilton was convinced that a small governing elite was needed to create a new
nation and then guide that nation to become a powerful player
in world politics.
Fearful of disorder among men, concerned with crises that
threatened the republic, and optimistic about opportunities on
the horizon, most founders affirmed the need for a small governing elite to lead the nation. They reasoned as follows.
|1. ||Men had a natural passion for distinction manifested in a manly
quest for fame that elevated a few heroic men into the elite ranks of
the natural aristocracy.|
|2. ||These select few men were portrayed as political patriarchs and father figures who could be trusted to exercise great power and still
win men's consent.|
|3. ||They adhered to a code of political manhood that enjoined and enabled them to ignore public opinion, disregard law, and exercise political prerogative for the public good.|
|4. ||A small governing elite with extralegal powers was desperately
needed to address the crises and realize the opportunities of the nation at a crucial historical turning point.|
While the founders were fearful that powerful leaders could
abuse their powers and deny men's liberty, they felt compelled