|1.||Family men could be trusted with citizenship because they would defend liberty, devote themselves to the public good, obey laws, and trust other family men who served as leaders.|
|2.||However, family men were prone to lapse from orderly behavior. At best, they merited a weak citizenship limited mainly to military service and voting for representatives.|
|3.||Public officials were expected to come from the ranks of gentlemen who excelled at the manly independence necessary for leadership and the manly civility essential to ensuring order among citizens.|
|4.||Every (male) citizen had an opportunity to rise into the ranks of gentleman legislators, but young men with elite family connections were privileged in the competition for social acceptance and political power.|
Few founders imagined building a republic in which the majority of men ruled themselves; some founders fantasized about a republic ruled by a few heroic leaders; but most founders promoted among white family men a version of weak citizenship that limited participation and fostered obedience to gentleman legislators.