|Miss Effie Cowan, P.W.||October 9, 1937|
|McLennan County, Texas||(No)|
|District No. 8|
"I wuz born in de town of Jefferson, Texas. I disremember de exact date, but I wus old enough ter 'member de soljers as dey passed by our house an 'member de things dey talked 'bout befo' freedom.
"My pappy an Mammy wuz Austin an' Elizabeth Johnson, dey wuz den sold ter a Mr. John Ford who brung dem from Louisiana ter Texas befo' dey wuz set free. I lived wid my folks an we worked fer Mr. Ford after freedom until I wuz grown an went ter cookin fer de white folks.
"W'en we lived at Jefferson, I kin member de Yankees stoppin' an paradin' de streets an gittin' de niggers ter go an help dem fight. Dey tole dem dat e'fn dey go an help dem dey would be free befo' long, dat de war would soon be over, an some of de niggers went with dem.
"One time a big General cum ter town wid de Yankee soljers, dey wuz all dressed up in de blue uniforms an' dey told us hit wuz General Grant, but I don't know fer sure who hit wuz, dey paraded up an down de street an he made a speech ter de crowd, den dey went away on de steamboat back ter de Missippi ribber.
"I lived near Jefferson whar I could see de steamboats w'en dey cum from Shreveport ter bring de supplies ter de people. I has seen de long wagon trains of cotton an corn cumin from udder parts of Texas bringin' hit ter de markets ter be shipped from Jefferson.
"Dey shipped hit ter Memphis, Tennessee, New Orleans, Louisiana, an' many odder places. Wen de boat-men an de wagon trains met at Jefferson, den dey has a big supper an sometimes dances on de boat, de white folks has dey good times an' de niggers do too, fer dey had de