European Treaties Bearing on the History of the United States and Its Dependencies to 1648

By Frances Gardiner Davenport | Go to book overview

39.
Agreement concluded between the Governor of Massachusetts and the Commissioner of the Governor of Acadia, at Boston, October 8, 1644. Ratification by the Commissioners of the United Colonies, September 2, 1645. [Ratification by D'Aulnay, September 28, 1646.]

INTRODUCTION.

The treaty of St. Germain,1 which restored Canada and Acadia to France, did not define the boundaries of those regions. The French government, however, appears to have ordered the newly appointed governor of Acadia, the Commandeur De Razilly, to clear the coast of the English as far as Pemaquid.2 In accordance with this alleged order, in 1633, one of De Razilly's lieutenants, La Tour, "displanted" the English from their "trading house" at Machias;3 and in 1635 De Razilly's other lieutenant, D'Aulnay, seized the fortified trading post at Penobscot4 (Pentagoet), which in 1630, two years after it was captured from the French by Kirke,5 had been taken over by the Plymouth colonists.6

The Plymouth colony, planning to recover Penobscot by force of arms, desired help from Massachusetts.7 Though at first inclined to co-operate, Massachusetts ultimately refused. Governor Winthrop was anxious to avoid difficulties with the French government, partly, no doubt, lest these should lead to interference by England in the management of New England's relations with the adjacent settlements of the French and Dutch. Such interference had, indeed, been recently threatened.8 But although Winthrop

____________________
1
Doc. 36.
2
Mass. Hist. Soc., Collections, 3d ser., VII. 94; Winthrop's Journal (ed. Hosmer), I. 157,201.
3
Winthrop's Journal (ed. cit.), I. 113; Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation (ed. Mass. Hist. Soc., II. 133, and note; ed. Davis, p. 284).
4
Bradford, op. cit. (ed. Mass. Hist. Soc., II. 206, 207; ed. Davis, P. 318) ; Winthrop, ed. cit., I. 157.
5
Report on Canadian Archives, 1894 (ed. Brymner), p. ix; N. Denys, Description and Natural History of the Coasts of North America (ed. W. F. Ganong, for the Champlain SOC., 1908), p. 98.
6
Bradford, op. cit. (ed. Mass. Hist. Soc., II. 80-87; ed. Davis, pp. 254-259).
7
Bradford, op. cit. (ed. Mass. Hist. Sac., II. 211-214, and notes; ed. Davis, pp. 320- 321); Winthrop, ed. cit., I. 159.
8
By the "Commission for Regulating Plantations" , 1634, the commissioners were empowered to make laws and ordinances concerning the demeanor of the colonies "towards foreign princes and their people". Bradford, op. cit. (ed. Mass. Hist. Soc., II. 184; ed. Davis, p. 416).

-347-

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