Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book

By John Spargo; George Louis Arner | Go to book overview
have been brought under social ownership and control. So, while rejoicing in all measures of amelioration, the Socialist concentrates his attention upon abolishing the fundamental causes of poverty, trusting that the effects will disappear when the causes are removed.
SUMMARY
1. A family is in poverty when its income is insufficient to provide those things which are necessary to maintain the efficiency of its members in a given time and place.
2. The effects of poverty are most evident in the lives of children. Under conditions of poverty the infantile death rate is very high and the growth of the minds and bodies of children is impaired.
3. Poverty is a direct cause of crime, prostitution, disease and intemperance.
4. Charity is entirely inadequate for the relief of poverty, and contributes nothing toward its cure.

QUESTIONS
1. Distinguish between poverty and pauperism.
2. What basis have we for estimating the extent of poverty?
3. What are some of the causes of pauperism?
4. Discuss the causes and the social effects of child labor.
5. Show how poverty acts as a cause of crime.
6. What is the social effect of charity?
7. What is the Socialist attitude toward poverty?

LITERATURE

Devine E. T., Misery and Its Causes.

Fisher Irving, Report on National Vitality, Its Wastes and Conservation.

Hobson John A., Problems of Poverty.

Hunter Robert, Poverty.

Rowntree B. S., Poverty, a Town Study.

Spargo John, The Bitter Cry of the Children. The Common Sense of the Milk Question, Chaps. I-VI.

-43-

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Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Part I- SOCIALISM AS CRITICISM 1
  • Chapter I- Introduction 3
  • Chapter II- Capitalist Society 7
  • LITERATURE 18
  • Chapter III- Planless Production 19
  • LITERATURE 29
  • Chapter IV- Poverty 30
  • LITERATURE 43
  • Chapter V- Leisure and Luxury 44
  • LITERATURE 52
  • Chapter VI- Individual and Social Responsibility 53
  • LITERATURE 58
  • Part II- SOCIALIST THEORY 59
  • Chapter VII- INTRODUCTORY 61
  • Chapter VIII- Social Evolution 65
  • LITERATURE 75
  • Chapter IX- The Economic Interpretation of History 76
  • LITERATURE 90
  • Chapter X- Industrial Evolution 91
  • LITERATURE 99
  • Chapter XI- The Class Struggle Theory 100
  • LITERATURE 115
  • Chapter XII- Value and Price 116
  • LITERATURE 140
  • Chapter XIII- Surplus-Value 141
  • LITERATURE 156
  • Chapter XIV- The Law of Concentration 157
  • LITERATURE 167
  • Chapter XV- Monopolies and Trusts 168
  • LITERATURE 184
  • Part III- THE SOCIALIST IDEAL 185
  • Chapter XVI- The Utopian Socialist Ideal 187
  • LITERATURE 200
  • Chapter XVII- The Ideals of Modern Socialism 201
  • LITERATURE 211
  • Chapter XVIII- Socialist State--Political 212
  • LITERATURE 223
  • Chapter XIX- THE SOCIALIST STATE--ECONOMIC 224
  • Chapter XX- Socialism and the Family 240
  • LITERATURE 251
  • Part IV- THE SOCIALIST MOVEMENT 253
  • Chapter XXI- The Rise and Growth of Modern Socialism 255
  • LITERATURE 265
  • Chapter XXII- The National Socialist Movemenis 266
  • LITERATURE 314
  • Part V- POLICY AND PROGRAM 315
  • Chapter XXIII- Socialism and Social Reform 317
  • LITERATURE 336
  • Chapter XXIV- The Reform Program of Socialism 337
  • LITERATURE 353
  • Chapter XXV- Some Objections to Socialism Considered 354
  • LITERATURE 369
  • Index 371
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