Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book

By John Spargo; George Louis Arner | Go to book overview

SUMMARY
1. Economic history may be divided into stages on the basis of the increasing control by man over nature.
2. In the first stage men live by hunting and fishing; the second is characterized by the domestication of animals and the introduction of slavery; in the third stage agriculture is developed; the fourth is characterized by handicraft industry and the fifth stage begins with the development of power machinery and the factory system.
3. These stages have differed materially in different parts of the world and their form has been modified by geographical and climatic conditions.
4. A new method of gaining a livelihood does not usually displace an older form, but subordinates it, thus adding to the complexity of economic life.
5. Economic history is also classified on the basis of the progressive enlargement of the economic unit from the household through the town and nation to a world economy.

QUESTIONS
1. What are the characteristic features of the stage of direct appropriation? Of the pastoral stage? Of the agricultural stage?
2. Describe the manorial system. In which stage does it belong?
3. Explain the organization and functions of the craft guild.
4. What was the domestic system of industry?
5. What is meant by the "Industrial Revolution"?
6. Name the chief inventions which brought about the industrial revolution.
7. Compare the industrial stage with the handicraft stage.
8. Characterize the household economy, the town economy, the national economy.
9. What facts lead us to expect the realization of a world economy?

LITERATURE
Buecher C., Industrial Evolution.
Coman Katherine, The Industrial History of the United States.
Ely R. T., Studies in the Evolution of Industrial Society.
Hobson J. A., The Evolution of Modern Capitalism.
Morgan L. H., Ancient Society, Part I, Chap. II and III.
Spencer Herbert, Principles of Sociology, Vol. III, Part VIII.
Toynbee A., The Industrial Revolution, Chap. IV.

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Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • PART I SOCIALISM AS CRITICISM 1
  • Chapter I: INTRODUCTION 3
  • Chapter II Capitalist Society 7
  • LITERATURE 18
  • Chapter III Planless Production 19
  • LITERATURE 29
  • Chapter IV Poverty 30
  • LITERATURE 43
  • Chapter V Leisure and Luxury 44
  • LITERATURE 52
  • Chapter VI Individual and Social Responsibility 53
  • LITERATURE 58
  • PART II SOCIALIST THEORY 59
  • Chapter VII: INTRODUCTORY 61
  • Chapter VIII Social Evolution 65
  • LITERATURE 75
  • Chapter IX the Economic Interpretation of History 76
  • LITERATURE 90
  • Chapter X Industrial Evolution 91
  • LITERATURE 99
  • Chapter XI the Class Struggle Theory 100
  • LITERATURE 115
  • Chapter XII Value and Price 116
  • LITERATURE 140
  • Chapter XIII Surplus-Value 141
  • LITERATURE 156
  • Chapter XIV the Law of Concentration 157
  • LITERATURE 167
  • Chapter XV Monopolies and Trusts 168
  • LITERATURE 184
  • PART III THE SOCIALIST IDEAL 185
  • Chapter XVI the Utopian Socialist Ideal 187
  • LITERATURE 200
  • Chapter XVII the Ideals of Modern Socialism 201
  • LITERATURE 211
  • Chapter XVIII Socialist State--Political 212
  • LITERATURE 223
  • Chapter XIX: THE SOCIALIST STATE--ECONOMIC 224
  • Chapter XX Socialism and the Family 240
  • LITERATURE 251
  • PART IV THE SOCIALIST MOVEMENT 253
  • Chapter XXI the Rise and Growth of Modern Socialism 255
  • LITERATURE 265
  • Chapter XXII the National Socialist Movemenis 266
  • LITERATURE 314
  • PART V POLICY AND PROGRAM 315
  • Chapter XXIII Socialism and Social Reform 317
  • LITERATURE 336
  • Chapter XXIV the Reform Program of Socialism 337
  • LITERATURE 353
  • Chapter XXV Some Objections to Socialism Considered 354
  • LITERATURE 369
  • Index 371
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