|1.||In every age men have pictured an ideal world to be attained by moral regeneration or by the adoption of a specific plan.|
|2.||These Utopias have had their bases in the economic conditions of the time in which they were written and usually picture the ideal by contrast with the real.|
|3.||The most influential of the Utopians of modern times were St. Simon, Owen, Fourier, and Cabet, who served as the fore-runners of the modern Socialist movement.|
|4.||The Utopian ideals have rendered great social service by their criticisms of existing society, and by shaking the inertia of conservatism and stimulating progress.|
|1.||Upon what does the influence of a Utopia in bringing about social changes depend?|
|2.||Discuss the Utopian ideal of Plato.|
|3.||What were the social conditions giving rise to the Utopia of Sir Thomas More?|
|4.||Characterize briefly The City of the Sun. The New Atlantis. The Oceana.|
|5.||What elements of modern Socialism are to be found in the teachings of St. Simon?|
|6.||What is the significance of Fourierism to Socialist thought?|
|7.||What is the position of Owen in Socialist history?|
|8.||Characterize the work of the modern Utopians.|
|9.||What essential features are common to the ideals of all the Utopians?|
|10.||What positive results have the Utopians accomplished?|
In addition to the works of the Utopian writers themselves, as mentioned in the text, the following books will be found useful.
Engels F., Socialism, Utopian and Scientific.
Guthrie W. B., Socialism before the French Revolution.
Hillquit M., History of Socialism in the United States.
Kaufman M., Utopias, or Schemes of Social Improvement.
Morley H., Ideal Commonwealths.
Podmore F., Life of Robert Owen.
Wolsey T., Communism and Socialism.