No detailed prediction: Socialists are constantly confronted with a demand for a detailed description of the Socialist society of the future. This it is impossible to give, since all the forces which made for social change cannot be known. Any such prediction would necessarily be pure Utopian romance. Wilhelm Liebknecht, the great leader of the German Social Democracy, replying to such a request from an opponent in debate on one occasion said:
"Never has our party told the workingmen about a 'state of the future,' never in any other way than as a mere Utopia. If anybody says, 'I picture to myself society after our program has been realized, after wage labor has been abolished and the exploitation of men has ceased, in such or such a manner,' well and good: ideas are free, and everybody may conceive the Socialist State as he pleases. Whoever believes in it may do so, whoever does not, need not. These pictures are but dreams, and Social Democracy has never understood them otherwise."
It is possible, however, while adhering strictly to the scientific method and spirit, to set forth some of the conditions which must obtain in a Socialist society. We can interpret tendencies in the light of known economic laws, and determine very definitely some conditions which must exist under Socialism, and some conditions which are incompatible with it. Social forms cannot be made to order; they are the product of the collective intelligence operating within the limits fixed by the economic environment. Changes in the social order must come, and they will be in the direction of further progress. A knowledge of the past and a recognition of the laws of social evolution enable us to tell something of the future organization of society. In a like manner Morelly, in 1756, predicted the downfall of the