SOME OBJECTIONS TO SOCIALISM CONSIDERED
The objections: A survey of the most important anti- Socialist literature of the past twenty-five years reveals the existence of a large body of criticism and objection. We may conveniently classify this body of criticism and objection into two main divisions, the first consisting of philosophical and technical criticisms of the theories of Socialism, and the second of objections and criticisms directed against the movement and program of Socialism. The former have been sufficiently considered in the text: we shall not further discuss them, therefore, but confine ourselves to the practical objections.
The most important of these objections to Socialism are: (1) that it aims at the abolition of all forms of private property; (2) that it is a vain attempt to make all men equal, which is impossible; (3) that it would reduce all to a dead level; (4) that it would unjustly reward equally the lazy and the industrious; (5) that it involves spoliation and confiscation; (6) that it would make the individual the slave of the State; (7) that it aims at the destruction of the monogamous family and its substitution by "Free Love"; (8) that it is based upon degrading selfishness and crass materialism; (9) that it is too altruistic, too noble an ideal for imperfect human beings to attain; (10) that it is an attempt to do by sudden revolution what can only be done by evolution; (11) that it is a "cut and dried scheme"; (12) that it is a negative criticism merely and has no plan; (13) that men cannot be made good by legislation; (14) that it has never been tried; (15) that it has been tried and failed; (16) that the vast increase in public ownership would lead to a corresponding increase in corruption and graft; (17) that it is identical with Anarchism; (18) that it would involve an immense amount of bureaucratic government;