Elementary Experiments in Psychology

By Carl E. Seashore | Go to book overview

CHAPTER VIII
WEBER'S LAW

For Two.*

IF you can just barely perceive a difference of one gram added to twenty grams, what is the smallest difference you can perceive when added to forty grams? Eighty grams? Two hundred grams?

Weber's law gives the answer: "Equal difference between sensations means proportional difference between stimuli." The ratio just posited is 1:20; hence 2 grams added to 40 grams, 4 grams added to 80 grams, and 10 grams added to 200 grams would be equally perceptible.

This law applies in various ways in the different senses. Weber first demonstrated it for the perception of weight, and as this field presents the simplest as well as the most exact conditions for measurement, we shall verify and illustrate the law for lifted weights.

Specifically, this is what we shall try to do: Exp. 1 is a preliminary skirmish to determine within what range of weight it will be most profitable to make the measurement on the observer; Exp. 2 reduces this to an exact measurement; and Exp. 3 makes the same measurement with doubled weight and doubled incre-

____________________
*
Provide two tumblers, some medium-sized shot or small nails or coins, a wad of cotton, and two small pieces of woolen cloth.

-91-

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Elementary Experiments in Psychology
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction ix
  • Chapter I- Visual After-Images 1
  • Chapter II- Visual Contrast 13
  • Chapter III- The Visual Field 23
  • Chapter IV- Visual Space 39
  • Chapter V- Auditory Space 55
  • Chapter VI- Tactual Space 71
  • Chapter VII- Cutaneous Sensations 82
  • Chapter VIII- Weber''s Law 91
  • Chapter IX- Mental Images 104
  • Chapter X- Association 118
  • Chapter XI- Memory 131
  • Chapter XII- Apperception 144
  • Chapter XIII- Attention 158
  • Chapter XIV- Normal Illusions 172
  • Chapter XV- Affective Tone 191
  • Chapter XVI- Reation-Time 205
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