Chinese Bondage in Peru: A History of the Chinese Coolie in Peru, 1849-1874

By Watt Stewart | Go to book overview

VIII
THE GARCIA Y GARCÍA MISSION-- INSTRUCTIONS; JAPAN

THE NECESSITY of sending an embassy to China was clear to the Peruvian government as early as mid-year of 1870. In an interpellation which he sustained in the Cámara de Diputados on November 17, 1876, José Antonio García y García, the minister of foreign relations, made some revealing declarations on the subject. The laws of China, he stated, had made it impossible to secure laborers from that country in a direct manner. They were brought through Hongkong as long as the English permitted it, and later through Portuguese Macao. The government of President Balta had become anxious lest the movement through the Portuguese colony become impossible through pressure of the Chinese and the English. In July, 1870, declared the minister, and again in February, 1871, President Balta had offered him the headship of a Chinese mission. Personal and political reasons had prevented his accepting. Positive action at the time did not ensue because of the disturbed condition of internal politics consequent to the approaching end of Balta's term in early August, 1827.1

Those political troubles led, just at the conclusion of Balta's presidency, to the attempted barracks revolution of July 22-26, headed by the Gutiérrez brothers, which resulted in the assassination of Balta.2 Thus his administra-

____________________
1
"Apéndice," Diario de los Debates, Cámara de Diputados, Congreso Ordinario de 1876, pp. xxi-xxii.
2
For a brief account of this insurrection, see Stewart, Henry Meiggs: Yankee Pizarro, pp. 283-297. A longer account appears in the work

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