Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time

By Freeman Cleaves | Go to book overview

VI
THE TREATY OF FORT WAYNE

HARRISON had governed Indiana Territory for nearly eight years with but few evidences of internal turmoil except on the part of the Federalist faction, which naturally had been passed over, in large part, in the matter of appointments. But by 1808 Indiana's population had increased nearly fivefold since the Governor's induction into office, a growth which meant change and a re-shuffling of the political scene. Three factors of revolt symptomized growing pains. The list of civil appointees made by the Governor had an increasingly strong flavor of native Virginia. In the eastern part of the Territory, the antislavery party, opposed to indenture, had become relatively larger; in the West, in Illinois, an independent faction still clamored for division. Practical politicians realized that if these malcontents could get together, some kind of deal might be arranged. A special election to fill two vacancies in the Indiana House paved the way.

The special election of 1808 hinged upon complaints against the Governor's hierarchy of educated friends, among which were Chancellor Waller Taylor, Attorney-General Thomas Randolph, and Judge Benjamin Parke, the former attorney general and delegate to Congress. Moreover, populous Vincennes and Knox County still held the balance of power in the legislature where attempts to secure division had been blocked. When the special election seated two prodivision members from Illinois, a deal was sought by which the abolitionists would support division in return for assistance in repealing the indenture laws. 1 Both moves were direct thrusts at the Governor and the dominant party at Vincennes. Harrison had helped to write the indenture laws and he was naturally opposed to a division, which by cutting off Illinois and Wisconsin, would leave Vincennes on the western border of a shrunken Indiana. Michigan, organized early in 1803 as Wayne County, had become a separate jurisdiction.

The 1808 legislature proved to be the last to represent Indiana,

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Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • ACKNOWLEDGMENT vii
  • THE HARRISON FAMILY ix
  • Contents xi
  • Illustrations xiii
  • I- Colonel Ben Harrison 1
  • II- Student of War 9
  • III- Delegate to Congress 22
  • IV- A New Frontier 33
  • V- Two Shawnee Brothers 51
  • VI- The Treaty of Fort Wayne 61
  • VII- quickening of War 69
  • VIII- The March Up the Wabash 83
  • IX- Tippecanoe 98
  • X- Kentucky Crosses the Ohio 112
  • XI- Massacre at the River Raisin 132
  • XII- A Fort is Built 151
  • XIII- The Siege of Fort Meigs 162
  • XIV- "We Have Met the Enemy . . ." 172
  • XV- Victory in Canada 188
  • XVI- The Hero of the Thames 206
  • XVII- Harrison Resigns 216
  • XVIII- Harrison Asks Congress to Judge 229
  • XIX- Political Fortunes 243
  • XX- South American Adventure 261
  • XXI- Depression Years 276
  • XXII- Evolution of a Candidate 288
  • XXIII- Harrison versus Van Buren 301
  • XXIV- Tippecanoe and Tyler Too 314
  • XXV- Jubilation and Mourning 329
  • Notes 345
  • Bibliography 392
  • Index 403
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