JANUARY 11 Soviet forces capture Warsaw.
JANUARY 20 Hungarian government at Debrecen signs armistice.
FEBRUARY 4-12 Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Josef Stalin meet at Yalta.
FEBRUARY 19-MARCH 17 U.S. forces win the battle for Iwo Jima.
MARCH 4 Finland declares war on Germany, retroactive as of the previous September.
MARCH 12 Stalin turns over northern Transylvania to Romania.
APRIL 12 Roosevelt dies; Harry S Truman becomes president.
APRIL 13 Soviet troops take Vienna.
APRIL 21 USSR and Polish provisional government sign a twenty-year treaty of mutual assistance.
APRIL 25-JUNE 26 San Francisco conference draws up United Nations Charter.
APRIL 29 Partisans execute Benito Mussolini.
APRIL 30 Adolf Hitler commits suicide in a bunker of the chancellery in Berlin.
MAY 7 The provisional government of Germany surrenders unconditionally.
MAY 8 The war in Europe ends; V-E Day is declared.
MAY 29 Czechoslovakia cedes Ruthenia to the USSR.
JULY 17-AUGUST 2 Truman, Stalin, and Churchill (later replaced by Attlee) meet in Potsdam.
JULY 26 The victory of the Labour party in British general elections held July 5 is announced.
AUGUST 6 The United States drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
AUGUST 8 USSR declares war on Japan.
AUGUST 9 The United States drops the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki.