The Origins of Chinese Communism

By Arif Dirlik | Go to book overview

7
Corporatist Resolutions: Class Politics Without Class Struggle

Starting in June 1919, the question of class quickly emerged as a central one in May Fourth cultural and political thinking. The radicals who expressed this with the greatest sharpness were those of the older generation, more sensitive to the political emergence of Chinese labor than the younger generation of New Culture radicals, who were still most interested in cultural change. It was also these older radicals who most feared the imminent appearance of class conflict in China, and believed it would threaten the Chinese revolution. In 1919 they displayed the greatest urgency in seeking ways to incorporate labor into politics so as to forestall violent social upheaval. They discovered their answer in a variety of corporatist socialisms.

The term corporatism, like socialism has been applied to movements that run the gamut of the political spectrum. I use it here as it has been employed in studies of European politics in recent years: a means of transcending capitalism through the use of class reconciliation rather than conflict. 1 The sense in which the term has been absorbed into Chinese political vocabulary supports this use. A recent Chinese dictionary defines the term corporatism as "class reconciliationism" (jieji tiaohe zhuyi).2 I shall use it to describe those currents in Chinese socialism that accepted class as a fundamental fact of contemporary social organization but rejected political solutions premised on the inevitability of class struggle. The intention was not to abolish classes, but to reorganize the articulation of social interest so as to render class struggle unnecessary. To the extent that socialism assumed political form in May Fourth thinking, it appeared in a number of guises that promised this kind of peaceful social revolution.


Guomindang Socialism in the May Fourth Period

The new consciousness of labor and its implications, with all the contradictions it brought out, was nowhere more evident than in the writings of Dai Jitao and his coeditors in the Weekend Review, which with the other Guomindang-related publications, Awakening and Construction, emerged between

-121-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Origins of Chinese Communism
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 315

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.