Call of Parliament -- Wolsey to be called to account -- Anxiety of the Emperor to prevent a quarrel -- Mission of Eustace Chapuys -- Long interview with the King -- Alarm of Catherine -- Growth of Lutheranism -- The English clergy -- Lord Darcy's Articles against Wolsey -- Wolsey's fall -- Departure of Campeggio -- Letter of Henry to the Pope -- Action of Parliament -- Intended reform of the Church -- Alienation of English feeling from the Papacy.
ON the collapse of the commission it was at once announced that the King would summon a Parliament. For many years Wolsey had governed England as he pleased. The King was now to take the reins in his own hands. The long-suffering laity were to make their voices heard, and the great Cardinal understood too well that he was to be called to account for his stewardship. The Queen, who could think of nothing but her own wrongs, conceived that the object must be some fresh violence to herself. She had requested the Pope to issue a minatory brief forbidding Parliament to meddle with her. She had mistaken the purpose of its meeting, and she had mistaken the King's character. Important as the divorce question might be, a great nation had other things to think of which had waited too long. It had originated in an ambitious scheme of Wolsey to alter the balance of power in Europe, and to form a new combination which the English generally disliked. Had his policy been successful he would have been continued in office, with various consequences which might or might not have