Interview between the Pope and Francis at Marseilles -- Proposed compromise -- The divorce case to be heard at Cambray -- The Emperor consents -- Catherine refuses -- The story of the Nun of Kent -- Bishop Fisher in the Tower -- Imminent breach with the Papacy -- Catherine and the Princess Mary -- Separation of the Prin cess from her mother -- Catherine at Kimbolton -- Appeals to the Emperor -- Encouragement of Lutheranism -- Last efforts of Rome -- Final sentence delivered by the Pope -- The Pope's authority abolished in England.
THE Pope's last brief had been sufficiently definite to enable the Emperor to act upon it if Henry still disobeyed. English scruples, however, required a judgment on the divorce itself before force was openly tried. Clement went, as he had intended, to France in October, and met the French King at Marseilles. Norfolk, as has been said, was not allowed to be present; but Gardiner and Bonner attended as inferior agents to watch the proceedings. Cifuentes followed the Papal Court for Charles, and the English Nuncio, who had been at last recalled, was present also. The main result of the interview was the marriage of the Duke of Orleans to the Pope's niece, Catherine de' Medici, a guarantee that Francis was not to follow England into schism but was to remain Catholic. The engagements with which he had tempted Henry into committing himself were thus abandoned, and the honour which had been saved at Pavia was touched, if it was not lost. It had strength enough, however, to lead him still to exert himself to bring