Prosecution of Lord Dacre -- Failure of the Crown -- Rebellion in Ireland -- Lord Thomas Fitzgerald -- Delight of the Catholic party -- Preparations for a rising in England -- The Princess Mary -- Lord Hussey and Lord Darcy -- Schemes for insurrection submitted to Chapuys -- General disaffection among the English Peers -- Death of Clement VII. -- Election of Paul III. -- Expectation at Rome that Henry would now submit -- The expectation disappointed -- The Act of Supremacy -- The Italian conjuror -- Reginald Pole -- Violence and insolence of Anne Boleyn -- Spread of Lutheranism -- Intended escape of the Princess Mary out of England.
THE English Peers are supposed to have been the servile instruments of Henry VIII.'s tyrannies and caprices, to have been ready to divorce or murder a wife, or to execute a bishop, as it might please the King to command. They were about to show that there were limits to their obedience, and that when they saw occasion they could assert their independence. Lord Dacre of Naworth was one of the most powerful of the northern nobles. He had distinguished himself as a supporter of Queen Catherine, and was particularly detested by the Lady Anne. His name appears prominently in the lists supplied to Chapuys of those who could be counted upon in the event of a rising. The Government had good reason, therefore, to watch him with anxiety. As Warden of the Marches he had been in constant contact with the Scots, and a Scotch invasion in execution of the Papal censures had been part of Chapuys's scheme. Dacre was suspected of