Prospects of civil war -- England and Spain -- Illness of the Princess Mary -- Plans for her escape -- Spirit of Queen Catherine -- The Emperor unwilling to interfere -- Negotiations for a new treaty between Henry and Charles -- Debate in the Spanish Council of State -- The rival alliances -- Disappointment of the confederate Peers -- Advance of Lutheranism in England -- Cromwell and Chapuys -- Catherine and Mary the obstacles to peace -- Supposed designs on Mary's life.
ENGLAND, to all appearance, was now on the eve of a bloody and desperate war. The conspirators were confident of success; but conspirators associate exclusively with persons of their own opinions, and therefore seldom judge accurately of the strength of their opponents. Chapuys and his friends had been equally confident about Ireland. Fitzgerald was now a fugitive, and the insurrection was burning down; yet the struggle before Henry would have been at least as severe as had been encountered by his grandfather Edward, and the country itself would have been torn to pieces; one notable difference only there was in the situation -- that the factions of the Roses had begun. the battle of themselves, without waiting for help from abroad; the reactionaries under Henry VIII., confessedly, were afraid to stir without the avowed support of the Emperor; and Charles, when the question came seriously before him, could not have failed to ask himself why, if they were as strong as they pre-