Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

this Act, or of accruing of his, her or their Title, being of the Age of Twenty one Years, or who, being under . . . Twenty one Years, shall, within Six Months after he or she shall attain the Age of Twenty one Years, or being of unsound Mind, or in Prison, or beyond the Seas, then within Six Months after such Disability removed, take and subscribe an Oath in the Words following:

"I, A.B., do sincerely promise and swear, That I will be faithful and bear true Allegiance to His Majesty King George the Third, and him will defend, to the utmost of my Power, against all Conspiracies and Attempts whatever that shall be made against his Person, Crown, or Dignity; and I will do my utmost Endeavor to disclose and make known . . . all Treasons and traiterous Conspiracies . . .; and I do faithfully promise to maintain, support and defend . . . the Succession of the Crown in His Majesty's Family against any Person or Persons whatsoever; hereby utterly renouncing and abjuring any Obedience or Allegiance unto the Person taking upon himself the Stile and Title of Prince of Wales in the Lifetime of his Father, and who, since his Death, is said to have assumed the Stile and Title of King of Great Britain, by the Name of Charles the Third, and to any other Person claiming or pretending a Right to the Crown . . .; and I do swear, that I do reject and detest as an unchristian and impious Position, That it is lawful to murder . . . Persons . . . under Pretence of their being Heretics; and also . . . That no Faith is to be kept with Heretics: I further. . . . reject and abjure the Opinion, That Princes excommunicated by the Pope and Council, or by any Authority of the See of Rome, or by any Authority whatsoever, may be deposed or murdered by their Subjects, or any Person whatsoever; And I do declare, that I do not believe that the Pope of Rome, or any other foreign Prince, Prelate, State or Potentate hath or ought to have any temporal or civil Jurisdiction, Power, Superiority or Pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, within this Realm. And I do solemnly . . . declare, That I do make this Declaration, and every Part thereof, in the plain and ordinary Sense of the Words . . . without any Evasion, Equivocation or mental Reservation whatever, and without any Dispensation already granted by the Pope . . .; and without thinking that I . . . can be acquitted before God or Man, or absolved of this Declaration . . . although the Pope . . . shall dispense with or annul the same, or declare that it was null or void."

Source: 18 Geo. III, c. 60; The Statutes at Large, of England and of Great-Britain ( London, 1811), XIV, 389-391.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

R. B. Barlow, Citizenship and Conscience: A Study of the Theory and Practice of Religious Toleration in England during the Eighteenth Century ( Philadelphia, 1963), pp. 203- 213.

D. Gwynn, The Struggle for Catholic Emancipation (1750-1829) ( London, 1928), pp. 31- 40.

P. Hughes, The Catholic Question 1688-1829 ( New York, 1929), pp. 142-150.

E. I. Watkin, Catholicism in England from the Reformation to 1950 ( Oxford, 1957), pp. 103-151.

-16-

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