Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

but in one parish where he or they have such a plantation, And upon the neglect or misbecomeing behaviour of the ministers or any of them, compl't. thereof being made by the vestrie, The Governour & Council are requested so to proceed against such minister or ministers by suspension or other punishment as they shall think fitt & the offence require. Removeall of such ministers to be left to the Grand Assembly.

Source: A. William W. Hening, The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia from the First Session of the Legislature in the Year 1619 ( New York, 1823), I, 68- 69; B. Peter Force (ed.), Tracts and Other Papers ( Washington, D.C., 1844), III, No. 2, 9- 19; C. Hening, Statutes, I, 122-124; D. ibid., 149; E. ibid., 240-242.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

G. M. Brydon, Virginia's Mother Church ( Richmond, Va., 1947- 1952), Vol. I.

E. C. Chorley, "The Planting of the Church in Virginia", William and Mary Quarterly, 2d Ser., Vol. X, No. 3 ( July 1930), pp. 191-213.

P. Miller, "The Religious Impulse in the Founding of Virginia", William and Mary Quarterly, 3d Ser., Vol. V, No. 4 ( October 1948), pp. 492-522.

W. H. Seiler, "Church of England as the Established Church in Seventeenth-Century Virginia", Journal of Southern History, Vol. XV, No. 4 ( November 1949), pp. 478- 508.


13
Early Massachusetts Legislation 1629-1647

The three New England colonies of Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Hampshire maintained Congregational Establishments, lasting in the case of Massachusetts until 1833, but these were different in kind from the southern state churches. The original settlers of Massachusetts arrived with a complex but well-developed theory of proper church-state relations that differed from prevailing conceptions, both Anglican and Reformed. Like all Puritans, they decried the existing English territorial Establishment as Erastian and unscriptural. As Congregationalists, they also rejected a Presbyterian state church, which, they feared, gave spiritual powers to the unconverted. In New England itself they vigorously condemned radical separation of church and state when Roger Williams attempted to promote it. Rather, they taught that the church, which was limited to professing and practicing saints, and the state were equal and separate administrations of the same Christian community, each with its own proper authority and directed toward mutual support rather than competition. Accordingly, they expected government to uphold true and suppress false religion. In practice they provided for compulsory attendance at worship (even for the unregenerate), financial support of churches, official intolerance, and general government watchfulness over and regulation of the entire ecclesiastical system. Since the repro-

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