Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview
1. His Holiness, in the interest of peace and the happy reestablishment of theCatholic religion, declares that neither he nor his successors will trouble in any manner the purchasers of alienated ecclesiastical property, and that, in consequence, the ownership of these same properties, and the rights and revenues attached to them, shall rest unchallenged in their hands or in those of their assigns.
2. The government shall assure a suitable stipend to the bishops and parish priests whose dioceses and parishes are affected by the new delimitation.
3. The government shall likewise take measures so that French Catholics, if they desire, may make grants in favor of the churches.
4. His Holiness recognizes in the First Consul of the French Republic the same rights and prerogatives which the former government enjoyed respecting the Holy See.
5. It is agreed between the contracting parties that if any of the successors of the present First Consul shall not be Catholic, the rights and prerogatives mentioned in the article above and the nomination to bishoprics shall be regulated, as regards him, by a new convention.

Source: Jean B. Duvergier (ed.), Collection complète des lois, décrets, ordonnances, règlements, avis du conseil d'état ( Paris, 1834- 1906), XIII, 90-91.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

R. Aubert et al., The Church between Revolution and Restoration ( New York, 1981), pp. 50-82.

Cambridge Modern History ( New York, 1903- 1912), II, 180-207.

G. L. M. J. Constant, L'Église de France sous le Consulat et I'Empire, 1800-1814 ( Paris, 1928).

S. Delacroix, La réorganisation de l'église de France après la Révolution ( 1801- 1809) ( Paris, 1962).

E. E. Y. Hales, The Emperor and the Pope ( London, 1962).

F. Nielsen, The History of the Papacy in the Nineteenth Century ( London, 1906), 1, 219- 259.

M. O'Dwyer, The Papacy in the Age of Napoleon and the Restoration: Pius VII, 1800-1823 ( Lanham, Md., 1985), pp. 49-63.

J. M. Robinson, Cardinal Consalvi, 1757-1824 ( New York, 1987).

References for Document 28.


39
Organic Articles (Extracts) April 8, 1802 [18 Germinal, Year X]

Not negotiated and not mentioned in the Concordat of 1801, these stringent regulations were nonetheless published by Napoleon as a unilateral, addendum to the agreement. Their purpose was to strengthen the position of the state and mollify doctrinaire republican opposition to a Catho

-97-

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