Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

LXI. The profits of sovereignty [Regalien], episcopal domains, possessions and revenues of the cathedral chapters fall to the new sovereign.

LXII. Archiepiscopal and episcopal dioceses remain in their present state until another diocesan organization is established, conformable to the laws of the Empire, on which shall depend also the future organization of cathedral chapters.

LXIII. The present public worship of each country is maintained against all attack and insult. In particular, the possession and peaceable enjoyment of the property of the church and endowments of schools . . . is left to each religion, in conformity with the stipulations of the Treaty of Westphalia. Nevertheless, the sovereign remains free to tolerate other religions and to grant them full enjoyment of civil rights.

Source: G. F. de Martens (ed.), Recueil des principaux traités d'alliance, de paix, de trêve, de neutralité, de commerce, de limites, d'échange etc., 2d ed., VII ( Göttingen, 1831), 483- 519.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE.

S. S. Biro, German Policy of Revolutionary France: A Study in French Diplomacy during the War of the First Coalition, 1792- 1797 ( Cambridge, Mass., 1957).

H. A. L. Fisher, Studies in Napoleonic Statesmanship: Germany ( Oxford, 1903), pp. 38-47, 163-172.

G. Goyau, L'Allegmagne religieuse. Le catholicisme 1800- 1870 ( Paris, 1909- 1910), I, 83- 116.

K. D. Homig, Der Reichsdeputationshauptschluss yore 25. Februar 1803 und seine Bedeutung für Staat und Kirche ( Tübingen, 1969).

J. Rovan, Le catholicisme politique en Allemagne ( Paris, 1956), pp. 15-30. References for Document 38.


42
Catechism of the French Empire (Extract) 1806

Napoleon's educational policy combined a genuine interest in educational reform with a determination to make instruction serve the aims of Bonapartist autocracy. Catholic catechetical instruction, already provided for in article 39 of the Organic Articles, was affected by this outlook. In March 1806, Portalis, the minister of religion, recommended the use of Bossuet's catechism of 1687 with appropriate alterations and additions, especially concerning the duties of subjects. The passage below represents the chief revision. A decree of April 4, 1806, required the exclusive use of this catechism in all Catholic churches of the Napoleonic empire.


Lesson VII. Continuation of the Fourth Commandment.

Q. What are the duties of Christians with respect to the princes who govern them, and what in particular are our duties towards Napoleon I, our Emperor?

-107-

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