Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

third. This reduction shall be accomplished by joining members of several convents of the same order into one house.

2. From the publication of the present decree, no admission to a novitiate or religious profession shall be permitted until the number of the religious of both sexes has been reduced to one-third of the number of said religious now in existence. Accordingly, within fifteen days all novices shall leave the convents to which they have been admitted.

3. All regular clergy who wish to renounce the common life and live as secular clergy shall be free to leave their houses.

4. The religious who renounce the common life in conformity with the preceding article shall enjoy a pension of which the amount shall be determined according to age, and which may not be less than 3,000 reals nor more than 4,000 reals.

5. First claim on the total property of [suppressed] convents. . . . shall be the sum necessary to raise the bare portion of the parish priests, so that their minimum stipend shall be raised to 2,400 reals.

6. The [remaining] property of the suppressed convents. . . . shall be joined to the Spanish domain and used as follows: (1), half of the said property to secure the vales and other bills of the public debt; (2), the other half to pay the provinces and cities for the expenses occasioned by the provisioning of the French and insurgent armies, and to indemnify the towns and country for the damages, the loss of houses, and all other losses occasioned by war.

Source: Correspondance de Napoleon I ( Paris, 1865), XVIII, 104-105.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

A. Fugier, Napoléon et l'Espagne( Paris, 1930).

H. C. Lea, A History of the Inquisition in Spain ( New York, 1906- 1907), IV, 399-418.


46
Decree Reuniting the Papal States to the French Empire May 17,1809

The immediate occasion of this annexation was the desire to tighten the Continental System against Britain, but relations between Bonaparte and the papacy had long been strained. French troops seized Rome in February 1808, and Pius, after excommunicating Napoleon, was removed to Grenoble, subsequently to Savona and Fontainebleau, where he refused to institute Napoleon's nominees to episcopal sees. Formal annexation of the Papal States to France in the form of two new departments was provided for in the Senatus Consulte of February 17, 1810. These events foreshadowed the assault on the temporal power of the papacy that was to dominate Italian politics in the nineteenth century.

-115-

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