Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

rowers who volunteer their services, in order to break the waves of a sea which threatens every moment shipwreck and death. Decided by motives so numerous and powerful, we have resolved to do what we could have wished to have done at the commencement of our pontificate. After having by fervent prayers implored the Divine assistance, after having taken the advice and counsel of a great number of . . . the cardinals . . . , we have decreed. . . . that all the concessions and powers granted by us solely to the Russian Empire and the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, shall henceforth extend to all our ecclesiastical states, and also to all other states. We therefore concede and grant to our well-beloved son, Thaddeo Barzozowski, at this time general of the company of Jesus, and to the other members of that company lawfully delegated by him, all suitable and necessary powers, in order that the said states may freely and lawfully receive all those who shall wish to be admitted into the regular order of the company of Jesus who, under the authority of the general, ad interim, shall be admitted and distributed, according to opportunity, in one or more houses, one or more colleges, and one or more provinces, where they shall conform their mode of life to the rules prescribed by St. Ignatius of Loyola. . . . We declare, besides, and grant power that they may. . . . apply themselves to the education of youth in the principles of the catholic faith, to form them to good morals, and to direct colleges and seminaries; we authorize them to hear confessions, to preach the Word of God, and to administer the sacraments. . . . We take. . . . under our immediate obedience, and that of the Holy See, all the colleges, houses, provinces, and members of this order; . . . always reserving to ourselves and the Roman Pontiffs, our successors, to prescribe and direct all that we may deem it our duty to prescribe and direct, to consolidate the said company more and more, to render it stronger, and to purge it of abuses, should they'ever creep in. . . .

In fine, we recommend strongly in the Lord, the company and all its members to . . . the illustrious and noble princes and lords temporal, as well as to . the archbishops and bishops, and to all those who are placed in authority. . . .

We ordain that the present letters be inviolably observed, according to their form and tenour, in all time coming; . . . and this notwithstanding any apostolical constitutions and ordinances, especially the brief of Clement XIV of happy memory, beginning with the words Dominus ac Redemptor noster. . . . which we expressly abrogate, as far as contrary to the present order. . . .

Source:[House of Commons], Report from the Select Committee Appointed to report the nature and substance of the Laws and Ordinances existing in Foreign States, respecting the Regulation of their Roman Catholic Subjects. . . . ( 1816), pp. 424-426. Latin text, ibid.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

R. Aubert et al., The Church between Revolution and Restoration ( New York, 1981), pp. 206-209.

T. J. Campbell, The Jesuits 1534-1921) ( London, 1921), pp. 605-715.

F. Nielsen, The History of the Papacy in the Nineteenth Century ( London, 1906), 1, 340-350.

J. Schmidlin, Papstgeschichte der neuesten Zeit ( Munich, 1933- 1936), 1, 357-362.

-121-

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