Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

XLVI. The Council of Deputies has alone the right of impeaching the ministers. Their trial, if laymen, belongs to the High Council. . . . [If they are clergy,] . . . trial is referred to the Sacred College. . . .


Of the Sacred Consistory

LII. When both councils have passed the proposal of a law, it shall be presented to the Supreme Pontiff, and proposed in the secret consistory. The pontiff, after hearing the vote of the cardinals, gives or withholds his sanction.

* * *


Of the Time When the Chair is Vacant

LVI. The death of the Supreme Pontiff suspends immediately and legally the sessions of both councils. They can never assemble during the vacancy of the Holy Chair. . . .

* * *

LVIII. The Sacred College . . . confirms the ministers, or substitutes others. Until this act has taken place the ministers remain in office. The ministry of foreign affairs passes immediately to the secretary of the Sacred College, which, however, has the power to entrust it to another person.

LXI. The rights of temporal sovereignty . . . reside during the vacancy . . . in the Sacred College. . . .


Of the Council of State

LXII. The Council of State will be composed of ten councillors, and of a body of auditors whose number will not exceed twenty-four -- all to be nominated by the sovereign.

LXIII. The Council of State has the charge of drawing up . . . the projects of laws, the regulations for the public administration. . . .

Source: British and Foreign State Papers ( 1847- 1848) ( London, 1861), XXXVI, 879-887.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

R. Aubert, Le pontificat de Pie IX ( 1846- 1848) ( Paris, 1952), pp. 27-39.

R. Aubert et al., The Church in the Age of Liberalism ( New York, 1981), pp. 57-65.

Cambridge Modern History ( New York, 1903- 1912), XI, 65-95.

D. Demarco, Pio IX e la rivoluzione romana del 1848 ( Modena, 1947).

L. C. Farini, The Roman State from 1815 to 1850 ( London, 1851).

-144-

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