Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

recognized by Law; but the Attempt to establish, under colour of Authority from the See of Rome or otherwise, such pretended Sees, Provinces, Dioceses, or Deaneries, is illegal and void: And whereas it is expedient to prohibit the Assumption of such Titles in respect of any Places within the United Kingdom: Be it therefore . . . enacted . . . That --

I. All such Briefs, Rescripts, or Letters Apostolical, and all and every the Jurisdiction, Authority, Pre-eminence, or Title conferred or pretended to be conferred thereby, are . . . unlawful and void.

II. . . . That if, after the passing of this Act, any Persons shall obtain or cause to be procured from the Bishop or See of Rome, or shall publish or put in use within any Part of the United Kingdom, any such Bull, Brief, Rescript, or Letters Apostolical, . . . for the Purpose of constituting such Archbishops or Bishops . . ., or if any Person, other than a Person thereunto authorized by Law . . ., assume or use the Name, Style, or Title of Archbishop, Bishop, or Dean of any City, Town, or Place, or of any Territory or District . . . in the United Kingdom, . . . the Person so offending shall for every such Offence forfeit . . . One hundred pounds. . . .

Source: 14 & 15 Vict., c. 60; A Collection of the Public General Statutes Passed in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Year of the Reign of Her Majesty Queen Victoria [1851] ( London, 1851), pp. 419-421.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

E. R. Norman, Anti-Catholicism in Victorian England ( New York, 1968).

J. Prest, Lord John Russell ( Columbia, S.C., 1972), pp. 319-330.

References for Document 60.


62
Austrian Concordat (Extracts) August 18, 1855

Catholic Austria long remained influenced by Febronianism and by the Josephinist tradition of state regulation and control of the church. Unlike many German states, beginning with Bavaria in 1817, which made concordats with Rome after the Vienna Congress, Austria was unwilling to relax controls until after 1848. Negotiations begun in 1853 resulted in the 1855 concordat, establishing Catholicism on a basis far more satisfactory to the church. This advantage was much qualified by the legislation and constitutional reorganization of 1867 and 1868, and in 1870 Austria revoked the agreement altogether, citing the Vatican Council and its definition of infallibility as the reason.

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