Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

76. The abrogation of that civil power which the Apostolic See possesses would conduce in the highest degree to the Church's liberty and felicity.


X. Errors Which Have Reference to the Liberalism of the Day.

77. In this our age it is no longer expedient that the Catholic religion should be treated as the only religion of the state, all other worships whatsoever being excluded.

78. Hence it has been laudably provided by law in some Catholic countries that men thither immigrating should be permitted the public exercise of their own several worships.

79. For truly it is false that the civil liberty of all worships, and the full power granted to all of openly and publicly declaring any opinions or thoughts whatever, conduces to more easily corrupting the morals and minds of peoples and propagating the plague of indifferentism.

80. The Roman Pontiff can and ought to reconcile and harmonize himself with progress, with liberalism and with modern civilization.

Source: The Dublin Review, New Series, Vol. IV ( 1865), pp. 516-529. Latin text, ibid.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

R. Aubert, Le pontificat de Pie IX ( Paris, 1952), pp. 245-261.

J. B. Bury, History of the Papacy in the Nineteenth Century, 1864-1878 ( London, 1930), pp. 1-46.

Cambridge Modern History ( New York, 1903- 1912), XI, 03-723.

E. E. Y. Hales, Pio Nono. A Study in European Politics and Religion in the Nineteenth Century ( New York, 1954).

New Catholic Encyclopedia ( New York, 1967), Vol. XIII, "Syllabus of Errors."

F. Nielsen, The History of the Papacy in the Nineteenth Century ( London, 1908), II, 258- 269.


67
Bishop Dupanloup's Interpretation of the Syllabus (Extracts) 18651

The Syllabus of Errors gave rise to much discussion in the press. The most important interpretation of the document from the standpoint of Catholic liberalism was this pamphlet by Bishop Felix A. P. Dupanloup ( 1802-1878) of Orleans. Catholics troubled by the syllabus welcomed

____________________
1
Appeared January 23. J. Maurain, La politique ecclésiastique du Second Empire de 1852 à 1869 ( Paris, 1930), p. 716.

-167-

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