Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

this is a great gift. "Stir up the gift of GOD which is in you." Make much of it. Show your value of it. Keep it before your minds as an honorable badge, far higher than that secular respectability, or cultivation, or polish, or learning, or rank, which gives you a hearing with the many. Tell them of your gift. The times will soon drive you to do this, if you mean to be still any thing. But wait not for the times. Do not be compelled, by the world's forsaking you, to recur as if unwillingly to the high source of your authority. Speak out now, before you are forced, both as glorying in your privilege, and to ensure your rightful honor from your people. A notion has gone abroad, that they can take away your power. They think they have given and can take it away. They think it lies in the Church property, and they know that they have politically the power to confiscate that property. They have been deluded into a notion that present palpable usefulness, produceable results, acceptableness to your flocks, that these and such like are the tests of your Divine commission. Enlighten them in this matter. Exalt our Holy Fathers, the Bishops, as the Representatives of the Apostles, and the Angels of the Churches; and magnify your office, as being ordained by them to take part in their Ministry.

But, if you will not adopt my view of the subject, which I offer to you, not doubtingly, yet (I hope) respectfully, at all events, CHOOSE YOUR SIDE. To remain neuter much longer will be itself to take a part. Choose your side; since side you shortly must, with one or other party, even though you do nothing. Fear to be of those, whose line is decided for them by chance circumstances, and who may perchance find themselves with the enemies of CHRIST, while they think but to remove themselves from worldly politics. Such abstinence is impossible in troublous times. HE THAT IS NOT WITH ME, IS AGAINST ME, AND HE THAT GATHERETH NOT WITH ME SCATTERETH ABROAD.

Source: Tracts for the Times ( London, 1834- 1840), 1, No. 1, 1-4.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

T. Kenny, The Political Thought of John Henry Newman ( London, 1957).

I. T. Ker, John Henry Newman. A Biography ( Oxford, 1990).

B. Martin, John Henry Newman: His Life and Thought ( New York, 1982).

R. D. Middleton, Newman at Oxford ( Oxford, 1950).

J. H. Newman, Apologia pro Vita Sua ( London, 1887).

M. Trevor, Newman ( London, 1962).

References for Document 83.


85
Tract XC (Extracts) February 27, 1841 (publication)

Particularly after 1839, Newman began to doubt the validity of the via media and to consider the claims of Rome. This tract, the last published, argued for the legitimacy of a Catholic construction of the Anglican Thirty-Nine Articles. In the resulting outcry the charge of dishonesty

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