Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview
the association and of each of its establishments; (3) a copy of its statutes and regulations.8. The required copy of the regulations should display the approval of the bishops and of the dioceses where the association has establishments and include a clause that the congregation or community is subject in spiritual things to the ordinary's jurisdiction.9. All congregations or communities which have not made request for authorization with supporting documents within the period specified above shall suffer the full force of the laws.
C. From the Law of March 28, 1882:
1. Primary education includes:

Morals and civics; Reading and writing; French and French literature. . . . [and so forth]

2. Public primary schools shall be dismissed one day per week in addition to Sunday in order to permit parents to provide for religious education for their children outside the school buildings, if they wish to do so.

Religious education is optional in private schools.

3. Provisions of Articles 18 and 44 of the Law of March 14, 1850 giving ministers of religion the privilege of inspection [droit d'inspection, de surveillance et de direction] in public and private primary schools and infant schools are abolished, together with Paragraph 2 of Article 31 of the same law which gives consistories the right of presentation for instructors belonging to non-Catholic faiths.
4. Primary instruction is compulsory for children of both sexes from six to thirteen years. It may be given in primary or secondary institutions of education, either in public or private schools or in families by the father himself or by any person whom he chooses.

D. From the Law of October 30, 1886:

17. In public schools of every kind instruction is to be given only by lay personnel.

18. No new teaching appointment of a member of a religious order, male or female, may be made in departments where a normal school has functioned for four years. . . . In boys' schools the substitution of lay for religious personnel must be accomplished within five years from the promulgation of the present law.

Source: A. Debidour, L'Église catholique et l'état sous la Troisieme Ripublique ( 1870- 1906) ( Paris, 1906-1909), 1, 435-440, 445-446, 452-453.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

E. M. Acomb, The French Laic Laws (1879-1889) ( New York, 1941).

J. Brugerette, Le prêtre français et la société contemporaine ( Paris, 1933- 1938), 11, 159- 203.

-277-

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