Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

complicity in cases where provocation has been followed by sedition, revolt, or civil war.

* * *


Chapter VI. General Regulations

* * *

39. Young men who as ecclesiastical students have obtained the dispensation [from military service] . . . shall continue to benefit by it . . . on condition that at the age of twenty-six years they are provided with a position as minister of religion salaried by a religious association . . . .

40. For eight years from the promulgation of the present law, ministers of religion shall be ineligible for the municipal council in communes where they exercise their ecclesiastical functions.

Source: Jean B. Duvergier (ed.), Collection complète des lois, décrets, ordonnances, règlements, avis du conseil d'état ( Paris, 1834-1905), CV, 586-623.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

J. Brugerette, Le prêtre français et la société contemporaine ( Paris, 1933- 1938), II, 555- 608.

L. V. Májan, La sáparation deságlises et de l'átat ( Paris, 1959).

P. Sabatier, Disestablishment in France ( New York, 1906).

W. Schurer, Aristide Briand und die Trennung von Kirche und Staat in Frankreich ( Basel, 1939).

G. Suarez, Briand: sa vie, son oeuvre, avec son journal et de nombreux documents inádits( Paris, 1938- 1952), I, 387-464.

References for Document 119.


121
Vehementer (Extracts) February 11, 1906

The heart of the new system that the Separation Law was expected to establish lay in the highly controversial provisions for associations cultuelles, the predominantly lay bodies to be formed locally for the practical management and upkeep of religious worship in the parishes. Though some Catholics believed that a modus vivendi could be worked out, Catholic argument generally saw in these provisions a challenge to clerical authority and canon law. Pius X, possibly fearful of international consequences of yielding, rejected concession. Vehementer condemned the Separation Law as a violation of the Christian idea of society, denounced the unilateral rejection of the Concordat of 1801 as a departure from the law of nations, and dismissed the law's provisions for associations cultuelles.

-310-

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