Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

of the present members of the National Synod or the unanimous approval of the Spiritual Council.

(2) Any alteration of the Constitution that affects the structure of the executive bodies of The German Evangelical Church must be made law by the co-operation of the National Synod.

Source: Charles S. Macfarland, The New Church and the New Germany ( New York, 1934), pp. 181-186. German text in Joachim Beckmann (ed.), Evangelische Kirche im Dritten Reich (Gütersloh, Germany, 1948), pp. 17-20.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

References for Document 145. Source for this document.


147
Church Aryan Law (Extracts) September 6, 1933

Nazi racism led to laws excluding Jews from schools and universities, professions, and public service. While the new Evangelical Constitution did not contain an Aryan Paragraph, Bishop Müller signified his intention of introducing the racial distinction into the church. Accordingly, the new church law of the Old Prussian Union excluded from the ministry or other church office persons of non-Aryan descent or married to non-Aryans. While the policy did not want for some plausible and scholarly defenses, such as that of Emanuel Hirsch of Güttingen, some pastors and professors protested vigorously. (For the statement of the theological faculty of the University of Marburg, see Charles S. Macfarland, The New Church and the New Germany [ New York, 1934], pp. 188- 191.)


I

1. Only he may be called as clergyman or official of the general church administration who possesses the prescribed training for his career and who appears unreservedly for the national State and the German Evangelical Church.

2. He who is not of Aryan extraction or is married to a person of non-Aryan extraction may not be called as clergyman or official of the general church administration. Clergymen and officials of Aryan extraction who enter into marriage with a person of non-Aryan extraction are to be dismissed.

Decision concerning who is to be regarded as a person of non-Aryan extraction shall be according to provisions of the law of the Reich.

* * *

-378-

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