Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

6. The . . . Church . . . shall incorporate prayers for the Hungarian Republic, for the head of the State, for the Government and for the well-being and peace of the Hungarian people in its "Order of Worship," and shall conduct worship. . . . on national holidays. It declares that the new hymn book to be published in the near future contains hymns suitable for such occasions.

7. The . . . Church takes notice . . . that all schools other than the public schools together with the boarding houses connected with them will be socialized by legislative action. The enforcement of the nationalization of Calvinist schools shall be guided by the following arrangement.

(a) The government shall take over into the civil service as of July 1, 1948, the entire former teaching and other personnel of the nationalized schools. . . . (b) The buildings of the nationalized schools, the boarding houses organically connected with them, and their lands . . . shall pass into government ownership. . . .

* * *

(d) Nationalization shall not apply to institutions which are exclusively ecclesiastical in nature and are not institutions of public education, i.e., theological academies, ministers' training institutes, deacons' and deaconess' training schools, and training schools for missionaries or other church workers.

* * *

(f) The Government . . . recognizes. . . that mandatory religious instruction must also henceforth be held at schools of a public character in complete freedom. The question of religious instruction is to be settled anew in one way or another by the new law concerning religious matters, with special consideration to the followers of the free churches and to those who are not affiliated with any religion.

Source: Vladimir Gsovski (ed.), Church and State Behind the Iron Curtain ( New York, 1955), pp. 134-137.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

A. Bereczky, Hungarian Christianity in the New Hungarian State ( Birmingham, England, 1950).

K. S. Latourette, Christianity in a Revolutionary Age ( New York, 1958- 1962), IV, 351- 353.

P. Sager (ed.), Die Schul- und Wissenschaftspolitik der Ungarischen Volksrepublik, 1945- 1956 ( Bern, 1958), pp. 1-41.

H. Seton-Watson, The East European Revolution ( New York, 1951), pp. 190-202, 282- 295.

Source for this document, pp. 77-108.

-416-

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