Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview

and shall submit them to the Government Bureau for Church Affairs within three months. . . .

(3) Any disposal or encumbering of the property of Churches and religious associations shall require the consent of the Government administration, given in advance.

* * *

Sec. 12 -- Schools for the Education of Clergymen. The Government shall maintain schools and institutions for education of clergymen.

Sec. 13 -- Penal Provisions. Acts or omissions contrary to this law . . . shall be punished, if they are not punishable by the courts, by the County People's Committees as administrative offenses with a fine not to exceed 100,000 Czechoslovak crowns. According to the gravity of the offense a substitute penalty of imprisonment not to exceed six months, shall simultaneously be determined in cases where the fine cannot be collected.

Source: Vladimir Gsovski (ed.), Church and State Behind the Iron Curtain ( New York, 1955), pp. 42-45.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

K. S. Latourette, Christianity in a Revolutionary Age ( New York, 1958- 1962), IV, 195- 200.

L. Nemec, Church and State in Czechoslovakia Historically, Juridically, and Theologically Documented ( New York, 1955).

G. N. Schuster, Religion Behind the Iron Curtain ( New York, 1954), pp. 61-97.

R. Tobias, Communist-Christian Encounter in East Europe ( Indianapolis, 1956), pp. 488- 523.


161
Agreement Between Poland and the Catholic Bishops April 14, 1950

In Poland Communist religious policy was cautious by reason of the nation's strong historical and patriotic bonds to Roman Catholicism (which also commanded at least nominal support from about 95 percent of the population). Although the government denounced the Concordat of 1925, interference with the church did not become severe until 1949. But in 1950 the government secularized Caritas, the Catholic welfare organization, seized church lands (spared in the earlier 1945 nationalization), and attempted to detach the lower clergy from dependence on the episcopate. This intense campaign was temporarily relaxed when the bishops endorsed this important accord with the state, which they later

From Robert Tobias, Communist-Christian Encounter in East Europe ( Indianapolis, 1956). Copyright, 1956, by Robert Tobias. Reprinted by permission of the publisher, the School of Religion Press.

-422-

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