Church and State in the Modern Age: A Documentary History

By J. F. MacLear | Go to book overview
lands to State ownership" . . . shall consider the needs of the bishops and of church institutions in order to provide assistance. . . .
The Church Fund shall place adequate sums at the disposal of diocesan bishops.
Implementing the law on military service, the military authorities shall make necessary arrangements for students of religious seminaries to enable them to complete their studies; ordained priests and monks who have taken their vows shall not be called to active military service, but will be transferred to the reserve corps and qualified for military service.

Source: Robert Tobias, Communist-Christian Encounter in East Europe ( Indianapolis, 1956), pp. 410-413.


SUGGESTIONS FOR BACKGROUND AND REFERENCE

E. Dolan, "Post-War Poland and the Church", The American Slavic and East European Review, Vol. XIV, No. I ( February 1955), pp. 84-92.

V. Gsovski (ed.), Church and State Behind the Iron Curtain ( New York, 1955), pp. 159- 241.

K. S. Latourette, Christianity in a Revolutionary Age ( New York, 1958- 1962), IV, 200- 206.

R. C. Monticone, The Catholic Church in Communist Poland, 1945-1985: Forty Years of Church-State Relations ( Boulder, Colo., 1986), pp. 9-25.

G. N. Shuster, Religion Behind the Iron Curtain ( New York, 1954), pp. 130-163.

R. Staar , Poland 1944-1962: The Sovietization of a Captive People ( Baton Rouge, La., 1962), pp. 241-269.

E. Valkenier, "Catholic Church in Communist Poland, 1945-1955", Review of Politics, Vol. XVIII ( July 1956), pp. 305-326.


162
Pastoral of the Berlin-Brandenburg Church April 23, 1950

Communist-controlled East Germany was the homeland of the Lutheran Reformation and its population was overwhelmingly Protestant. As in Poland, government policy was at first cautious and less openly oppressive than in other Iron Curtain countries. Churches kept their lands (though impossible production quotas were set), religious education was permitted in the schools, and East Germans participated in the Evangelische Kirche in Deutschland (EKD), the all-German federation of Landeskirchen formed in 1945. But Communist pressure on youth, publication, education, and charity was unrelenting, and official encouragement was given to atheism. Protestant policy avoided both rebellion and

From Robert Tobias, Communist-Christian Encounter in East Europe ( Indianapolis, 1956). Copyright, 1956, by Robert Tobias. Reprinted by permission of the publisher, the School of Religion Press.

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