AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO CRISIS INTERVENTION
Evidence is accumulating to indicate that knowledge of a multidimensional model for crisis intervention is imperative for the criminal justice crisis intervener. Large numbers of persons present multiple human problems along with their presenting complaints when they are referred to criminal justice agencies. These problems do not easily lend themselves to simple explanations or resolutions. In this day of multiple human problems, the growing awareness of the interrelationship of human service systems, mental health workers, medical personnel, and criminal justice personnel has resulted in the need for collaboration (figure 1.1). Along with this need to collaborate comes the need to understand the technical jargon of each of the separate disciplines, their methods of evaluation, their orientations, and their methods for determining treatment. Criminal justice people may find it difficult to understand, for example, why a psychiatrist needs so much time to evaluate a situation before selecting a treatment program. The psychiatrist may, on the other hand, be critical of the criminal justice worker's pressing need for information to solve a case while seemingly ignoring the client's mental distress.
Social workers may wonder about some of the language of criminal justice interveners. They may have difficulty understanding the relevance of. some of the police procedures and the apparent insensitivity of their interviewing techniques. Criminal justice interveners, on the other hand, may be snickering at the "do-gooder" orientation of the social workers who, in their opinion, "do not know what the real world outside is like." Each of the disciplines that may intervene in a crisis situation will confront the client