CRISIS INTERVENTION WITH VICTIMS
While crisis theory deals primarily with the devastating effects of the emotional trauma of internal and external crisis, one other situation to be considered by the crisis intervener is the emotional aftereffects of becoming a victim. Many of the people that the criminal justice intervener comes into contact with have been victims by virtue of their crisis. Victimology is an area of crisis behavior and intervention that takes a closer look at the victim. Literature on violent crime in the past has generally focused on the criminal or the criminal act. It has only been in recent years that the third element in violent crime, the victim, has attracted professional interest. However, even these studies have-dealt solely with the perspective of victim behavior, in victim-stimulated crimes. This perspective is usually called victim-precipitated, and it highlights the fact that victims frequently contribute to their own victimization: to their own murder by striking the first blow or hurling the first insult, to their own robberies by leaving doors unlocked and valuable possessions in plain sight, or to the theft of their automobiles by leaving doors unlocked and keys in the ignition.
Unfortunately, this tendency of crime investigators to assign responsibility for criminal acts to the victim has merely reinforced previously held and assumed similar beliefs and rationalizations held by most criminals themselves, namely, "They asked for it." The last decade has produced major improvements for protecting the rights of the accused, providing humane treatment to the convicted, and delivering services to the ex-offender. However, the plight of the victim of the crime has been ignored. While the needs