VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE
The face-to-face violent sexual encounter is one of the most dreaded aspects of violence. The offenses that are contained within this category of crimes are those that cause most people to fear victimization the most. In most instances, having all of one's valuables taken through a burglary may not be nearly as traumatic as having to confront a rapist in a face-to-face encounter. The two incidents are qualitatively different. The rape is feared by the urban dweller most because it impinges on privacy in a most personal way. The individual who walks down a street carries with him his "egocentric territory," and an infringement on this personal space is analogous to trespassing on his property.
Sex crimes are an important problem area for the criminal justice professional. The crimes cover a wide variety of sexual behavior. Nonviolent sexual behaviors rarely come into contact with the criminal justice system. These would include the victimless crimes of masturbation, voyeurism (observing nude bodies or couples engaged in intercourse), fetishism (extremely strong sexual attraction for a particular nongenital part of the anatomy such as hair, feet, or fingers), and homosexuality between consenting adults. The types of sex crimes that do come to the attention of law enforcement personnel might include prostitution, fornication, statutory rape (seduction of a female under the age of consent), exhibitionism (displaying the genitals), scoptophilia (peeking Tom), bestiality (sex with animals), necrophilia (sex with corpses), coprolalia (using obscene language as with obscene telephone calls),