Richard M. Nixon: Politician, President, Administrator

By Leon Friedman; William F. Levantrosser | Go to book overview

9
Richard M. Nixon, Southern Strategies, and Desegregation of Public Schools

ALVY L. KING

A presidential candidate, in his successful 1968 campaign, said that "America's in trouble today, not because her people have failed but because her leaders have failed." In August 1974 a writer in a popular black magazine recalled this statement by Richard M. Nixon when he resigned from the presidency because aspects of his leadership had been called into question. 1 Equal rights advocates could enjoy the irony of Nixon's "chickens coming home to roost." His lack of constructive executive leadership was notable with regard to federal court decisions calling for equal educational opportunities (i.e., desegregation). This paper examines the Nixon Administration's public school desegregation policy, particularly what has been called Nixon's Southern Strategy.

Political strategies involving concessions in the interests of politically powerful groups in the South were, even then, not new. Almost a century earlier, in return for support from white southern leaders, President Rutherford B. Hayes promised that his administration would not enforce the recently won civil rights of black Americans. Commonly referred to as the Compromise of 1877, this stratagem marked the end of Reconstruction, the end of federal political and military efforts to force southern state governments to give more nearly equal rights to ex-slaves and other blacks. If there is such a thing as a "national conscience," it was perhaps ready to forget, after little more than a decade, the catastrophic Civil War that had ended slavery and to be content with just that--the end of slavery.

There are interesting parallels, maybe even instructive parallels, in the 1860s and 1870s when compared to the 1960s and 1970s. In both eras, the respective Republican administrations gained votes by capitalizing on prevailing social, racial, economic, and political upheavals of their times. The polarization of issues and adversaries was perhaps at least as clear cut in the 1960s as it had been in the 1860s. There were many in either decade who did not take a stand one way or the other. And in each era, as in most, the sorting of higher-order from lower-order motivation was often complicated.

-141-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Richard M. Nixon: Politician, President, Administrator
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 424

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.