Many people have contributed to the evolution of this book. My deepest gratitude is reserved for the people of Baliapal and Uttarkhand, whose hospitality and help were invaluable for my research. Their militant dedication to the earth and to their communities provided a deep and powerful inspiration to me, particularly during the arduous process of writing. This book evolved from my doctoral dissertation, completed with the support of the Geography Department at Syracuse University. While there, I received much critical advice on my original manuscript, particularly from John Agnew, Susan Wadley and James Duncan.
The writing of this book was facilitated by a research fellowship provided by the Albert Einstein Institution during 1991-92 and a postdoctoral research fellowship awarded by the Program on Nonviolent Sanctions at Harvard University during 1991-93. I have benefited greatly from the many constructive suggestions and criticisms made by colleagues during the tenure of these fellowships. Particularly I wish to thank my principal readers, John Agnew, Lisa Peattie and Doug Bond, who provided invaluable advice concerning the first draft of the book. Also I wish to thank my colleagues at the Program on Nonviolent Sanctions and the Albert Einstein Institution, who provided me with intellectual stimulation and logistical support, especially Chris Kruegler, Roland Bleiker, Michelle Markley, Ron McCarthy and Bill Vogele. Thanks are also due to my father, John Routledge, and my friend, Sara Elinoff, who provided financial support for