Letta Dillard Gorman
While all men and women are not created equal, they are guaranteed a right to equal access to the abundant opportunities available in the United States through the Constitution and subsequent state and federal laws. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) specifically establishes those civil rights for persons with disabilities in such critical areas as employment, housing, public accommodations, education, transportation, communication, recreation, institutionalization, health services, voting, and access to public services. Title I of the ADA protects the right to equal access to employment opportunities, participation, and economic self-sufficiency for persons with disabilities. Persons with disabilities who are qualified for employment opportunities have the right to seek that employment (make application), be considered for that employment (interview), gain that employment (hiring) if qualified, be considered for promotion and advancement, be considered for transfers, be compensated for work performed, receive job training and other privileges of employment, and have the reasonable accommodations provided which give them equal access to participate in the employment process and perform the essential tasks of the job itself. Other parts of this book address the requirements of the law, definitions, the employment process, and best practices and strategies under Title I. This chapter addresses the determination and provision of those reasonable accommodations that afford persons with disabilities the opportunity to participate in employment under Title I.