Comparative Empirical Analysis of Cultural Values and Perceptions of Political Economy Issues

By Dan Voich; George Macesich | Go to book overview

3
Profile of Individualism Values

A person's orientation toward individualism versus collectivism reflects the values that person has developed over time in response to cultural, workplace, and family circumstances. These circumstances, in turn, are conditioned by organizational, national, and international political economy issues that come to bear on a person's existence in the home, at work, and in society. This research analyzes three groups of values: workplace, cultural, and family. The workplace values are those of R. Buchholz ( 1976), while the cultural values are those of G. Hofstede ( 1980). The family values included in this research reflect basic concepts developed by members of our research consortium as traditionally found in the sociological literature.

Our research further divides work of these three value groups into two broad sets-those values that reflect a tendency toward individualism versus those values that reflect a tendency toward collectivism. Chapter 4 analyzes the latter while this chapter deals with the individualism values. The specific values that affect individualism consist of the following: relative emphasis on work versus leisure; cultural values relating to personal individualism and masculinity versus uncertainty avoidance and power distance; and values dealing with individualism within the family and the economic orientation of the family.


WORKPLACE VALUES

Buchholz's research provides a methodology that focuses on the comparison of work beliefs across cultures and organizations. Two of these work beliefs, the work ethic and the leisure ethic, are analyzed in the discussion that follows, while the three work beliefs relating to collectivism (organizational, humanistic, and Marxist belief systems) are

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Comparative Empirical Analysis of Cultural Values and Perceptions of Political Economy Issues
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables ix
  • Foreword xv
  • Preface xvii
  • 1 - Overview of Cultural Values 1
  • Introduction 1
  • 2 - Research Purpose, Procedures, and Demographics 17
  • Introduction 17
  • 3 - Profile of Individualism Values 33
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 61
  • 4 - Profile of Collectivism Values 69
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 86
  • 5 - Profile of Value Priorities 91
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 101
  • 6 - Profile of Organizational Issues 105
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 123
  • 7 - Profile of National Issues 127
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 142
  • 8: Profile of International Issues 145
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 176
  • 10 - Socioeconomic and Political Tenets 181
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 192
  • 11 - Relationships Between Values and Perceptions of Issues 195
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 206
  • Appendix 11a - Significance Levels for T-Ratios 211
  • 12 - Summary, Conclusions, and Future Directions for Research 229
  • Bibliography 243
  • Index 253
  • About the Author 258
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