Profile of Collectivism Values
Chapter 3 discussed the values that reflect a general tendency toward individualism. These values were discussed within three groups, workplace, cultural, and family, using value concepts of Buchholz, Hofstede, and those found in other sociological literature, respectively. This chapter presents an analysis of responses of respondents from the eight countries surveyed as they relate to the collectivism values. The pattern of analysis and discussion are similar to those pertaining to responses to individualism values in Chapter 3. For example, mean responses to individual value propositions within each of the following collectivism values are compared and discussed: Buchholz ( 1976) organizational, humanistic, and Marxist work belief systems; Dorfman and Howell ( 1988) cultural value of paternalism as an extension of Hofstede ( 1980) research; and family social cohesion and status.
Two of Buchholz's values pertaining to individualism were analyzed in Chapter 3 within the context of the relative preference given to work versus leisure by the respondents from the eight countries. The following analysis focuses on the preferences given to values which encourage and support collectivism; organizational, humanistic, and Marxist work belief system.
The organizational belief system value reflects the extent to which a person believes that the real meaning from work can come about only if it contributes to the group or overall organizational well-being and status.