enjoyable job and 7-social status and acceptance by the group. The respondents from Germany place the highest emphasis on this value set in terms of the frequency of significantly lower mean rank responses (2 of 2), than the respondents from all of the remaining countries (1 of 2 each, except those from the People's Republic of China with 0 of 2). The respondents from the three market-oriented countries have 4 of 6 (67 percent) significantly lower mean responses, thus a higher emphasis on the social status and satisfaction value, compared to 2 of 4 (50 percent) for the respondents from the two Latin American countries and 2 of 6 (33 percent) for those from the three collectivist countries.
Table 5.4 shows the overall rank of the social status and satisfaction value by respondents from each of the eight countries, as reflected in the combined mean rank responses to the two values mentioned (2 and 7). The chi square analysis indicates that there are some significant differences (.00 level) in the mean rank responses to the two values combined according to the country of the respondents (.29 coefficient of contingency).
The ANOVA Scheffe test results indicate where differences in mean rank responses are significant. The respondents from Germany and the former Soviet Union place the highest priority on this value, having significantly lower mean responses (.05 level) than five of the six other countries surveyed. The respondents from Chile place a higher priority on this value than those from the United States, Yugoslavia, and the People's Republic of China.
This chapter develops a profile of value priorities for each of the eight countries surveyed. These value priorities are based on the results of the analysis of individualism and collectivism in Chapters 3 and 4, and the ranking of 10 values by the respondents discussed.
In terms of the summary of value preferences shown in Table 5.1, general profiles of values for the eight countries surveyed are summarized next. These profiles reflect those values that have four or more mean responses that are significantly higher than the average mean responses (shown in bold type on Table 5.1).
Germany: Higher emphasis on paternalism
United States: Higher emphasis on personal and family individualism, family economic orientation, uncertainty avoidance, humanistic beliefs,