Comparative Empirical Analysis of Cultural Values and Perceptions of Political Economy Issues

By Dan Voich; George Macesich | Go to book overview

6
Profile of Organizational Issues

The cross-cultural analysis of values presented in the previous three chapters focused on the first segment of the "values-attitudes-behavior" model. This analysis included comparisons of selected cultural, workplace, and family values within the overall context of their general orientation toward individualism versus collectivism. From this analysis, general value profiles for respondents in each of the eight countries surveyed were eventually developed in Chapter 5.

A person's orientation toward individualism versus collectivism reflects the values that person has developed over time in response to his or her environment. This environment consists of three fundamental levels -- organizational, national, and international. Within each of these levels, various social and political organizations are created to provide both economic and noneconomic goods and services needed and desired by people in a society. Within this context, values shape the needs and desires of a society, as well as the political economy infrastructure that is created to fulfill these needs and desires.

In the next four chapters, the various political economy issues that people perceive to exist at the organizational, national, and international levels are analyzed for the eight countries surveyed. This chapter focuses an organizational issues, while Chapters 7 and 8 deal with national and international issues, respectively. Chapter 9 develops a general profile of issues priorities for each of the eight countries.

Keep in mind that our focus is on people's perceptions of, or attitudes toward, these political economy issues. In this context, the focus is on the middle segment of the "values-attitudes-behavior" model. Five organizational issues are analyzed in this chapter, relating to participation, communications, motivation, standard of living, and productivity.

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Comparative Empirical Analysis of Cultural Values and Perceptions of Political Economy Issues
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Figures and Tables ix
  • Foreword xv
  • Preface xvii
  • 1 - Overview of Cultural Values 1
  • Introduction 1
  • 2 - Research Purpose, Procedures, and Demographics 17
  • Introduction 17
  • 3 - Profile of Individualism Values 33
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 61
  • 4 - Profile of Collectivism Values 69
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 86
  • 5 - Profile of Value Priorities 91
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 101
  • 6 - Profile of Organizational Issues 105
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 123
  • 7 - Profile of National Issues 127
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 142
  • 8: Profile of International Issues 145
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 176
  • 10 - Socioeconomic and Political Tenets 181
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 192
  • 11 - Relationships Between Values and Perceptions of Issues 195
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS 206
  • Appendix 11a - Significance Levels for T-Ratios 211
  • 12 - Summary, Conclusions, and Future Directions for Research 229
  • Bibliography 243
  • Index 253
  • About the Author 258
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