Profile of Organizational Issues
The cross-cultural analysis of values presented in the previous three chapters focused on the first segment of the "values-attitudes-behavior" model. This analysis included comparisons of selected cultural, workplace, and family values within the overall context of their general orientation toward individualism versus collectivism. From this analysis, general value profiles for respondents in each of the eight countries surveyed were eventually developed in Chapter 5.
A person's orientation toward individualism versus collectivism reflects the values that person has developed over time in response to his or her environment. This environment consists of three fundamental levels -- organizational, national, and international. Within each of these levels, various social and political organizations are created to provide both economic and noneconomic goods and services needed and desired by people in a society. Within this context, values shape the needs and desires of a society, as well as the political economy infrastructure that is created to fulfill these needs and desires.
In the next four chapters, the various political economy issues that people perceive to exist at the organizational, national, and international levels are analyzed for the eight countries surveyed. This chapter focuses an organizational issues, while Chapters 7 and 8 deal with national and international issues, respectively. Chapter 9 develops a general profile of issues priorities for each of the eight countries.
Keep in mind that our focus is on people's perceptions of, or attitudes toward, these political economy issues. In this context, the focus is on the middle segment of the "values-attitudes-behavior" model. Five organizational issues are analyzed in this chapter, relating to participation, communications, motivation, standard of living, and productivity.