This chapter compares the overall favorable organizational climate as perceived by respondents from the eight countries surveyed. This comparison focuses on five broad issues that reflect the respondents' perceptions of the existence of favorable factors that tend to enhance organizational effectiveness and efficiency, including the satisfaction of people's needs and wants as related to the workplace. These five issues are (1) opportunity to participate in decision making, (2) adequacy of communications within the organization, (3) level of favorable motivational factors and incentives, (4) level of job security and standard of living, and (5) overall productivity of the organization.
In terms of the Scheffe test results that compared mean responses of respondents from each country with the mean responses of respondents from each of the other seven countries, Table 6.6 summarizes the perception of the overall work organization climate as measured by the preceding five issues. The numerical data shown on Table 6.6 are taken from Tables 6.1 through 6.5. These data reflect the frequencies of significantly higher mean responses (.05 level), when each country's respondents' mean responses are individually compared to the mean responses of respondents from each of the other seven countries using the Scheffe test of paired comparisons. The focus of these comparisons is on the significant differences in the perceived organizational climate, rather than simply on the level of perception as measured by a special mean response score.
The data shown on Table 6.6 reflect that the respondents from the United States, compared to those respondents from the other seven countries, perceive a significantly more favorable organizational climate in 33 of 35 (94 percent) of paired comparisons. Respondents from the other two market-oriented countries, Germany and Japan, perceive a more favorable organizational climate in 23 of 35 (66 percent) and 21 of 35 (60 percent) of paired comparisons, relative to the respondents from the three collectivist and two Latin American countries. Concerning the respondents from the other five countries, those from the People's Republic of China have significantly higher mean responses in 16 of 35 cases (46 percent), and Venezuela in 14 of 35 cases (40 percent). However, as a group, the respondents from the two Latin American countries have a higher frequency of significantly higher mean responses in 23 of 70 cases (33 percent) compared to 21 of 105 cases (20 percent) for the three collectivist countries.