As a social scientist, I must concur with Wilson ( 1990:260) epigraph to this chapter: The content of the social sciences is potentially richer than that of biology; but before we can beggar the relevant ideas of biology, we must first absorb them. This does pose problems, not the least of which is the necessity to learn much biology, which may deter many individual social scientists from taking that first step. Those who do hurdle the obstacles of inertia and ideology will find the intellectual challenge most exciting. They will find, as have many others before them, that there is nothing inherently inimical to the social sciences to be found within the framework of biosociology. (There may be an awful lot that is inimical to social ideology, however.) Perhaps the majority of the current cohort of sociologists will remain closed to the arguments for hierarchical integration; but as a discipline, sociology must begin to encourage and require its graduate students to become comfortable with biological science. If we do not and continue to defer to the biological sciences in the study of human behavior, we may find one day that the rest of the scientific community regards us with the same condescension that is today reserved for "scientific" creationists.